" Lack Of Efficiency In Search And Rescue For Natural Disaster Survivors. "
As a Taiwanese lived in Taiwan for over 18 years, I had experience major natural disasters every year. From typhoon, flood, earthquake and more. The experiences from my own has inspired me to study upon this subject, and design a better solution for when facing the unpredictable natural disasters.
Survivor Story Highlights
Rescuer Story Highlights
Emergency Protocol / FEMA
After learning everything I should know about the Japan Tsunami disaster, and understand what happened and what took place during the dark hours of the aftermath. I can now explain to you why so many houses were destroyed, and so many people were dead and went missing.
To solve a problem, one must fully understand where the problem lies, and define it. Let me walk you through all the aspects where I found lacking and can be improved. Put everything in categories there are three main parts.
- Prevention system
- Search method and technology
- Rescue equipment
1. Lack Effective Prevention System
Below is the evacuation procedure Japanese government used during the tsunami disaster. The problem is that people have to evacuate to high grounds or tall buildings to seek protection against tsunami. Majority of death were the young and the elderly, they were unable to evacuate quickly enough.
In this category the problems are
- Do not have personalized survival kit.
- Do not have tsunami specific shelter.
- Evacuation area can be far.
2. Inefficient Search Method
The current method of search and rescue is primitive and ineffective. Due to the debris pattern it is difficult for vehicles and rescuers to move around, rescuers walk on foot looking for survivors, the process is slow and intensive.
The current "start from the edge search process" cost to much time, and time is the most crucial part in a search and rescue mission. Rescuers has the best chance of finding survivors within 72 hours.
In this category the problems are
- Slow and intensive search process.
- Start from the edge search method.
3. Outdated Rescue Equipments
The current rescue equipment is incompatible with the new debris pattern, it slows down rescue missions. The rescuers are carrying 72 hours of self sustaining supply when on a rescue mission.
After Reviewing And Study All The Concepts, I Gather 3 Crucial Ideas From 3 Different Concepts.
- The minimum amount of water needed for a person per day is 32 fluid ounces, the container contains 33 fluid ounces.
- The overall density including the air pockets that are inside of the device is less than the density of water. Which is 1 gram per milliliter.
What Is A Emergency Relief Capsule ?
It is a combination of communication devices, flash light, and a water container. It is design to respond to a catastrophic natural disaster. Using the Emergency Relief Capsule to search for victims who are trapped and lost in a natural disaster aftermath. It is more efficient in the search of viable victims than traditional methods of searching.
1. AM/FM Radio
The radio control panel is located in the front. With a on / off channel dial, volume control and AM/FM switch.
2. Global Positioning System ( GPS )
After pressing the activation button on the back, it will send out rescue signals back to the rescue base to notify the rescuers, and provide your current location on the map.
3. Radio Transceiver
After the rescue signal has been sent, it will call and connect you to a rescuer, the victim is able to communicate with the rescuer on their current physical condition or further information relating to the rescue mission.
3 Different Light Modes
- Spot light, used for illuminating objects when pointed.
- White ambient light, used for illuminating surroundings.
- Blue alert light, functioning as alert light for catching attention from possible victims around when descending.
How Does It Work ?
A Brand New 5 Steps Search And Rescue Method.
Step 1 Respond To The Disaster.
The field commander will access and evaluate the effected areas and the possible number of survivors in certain areas on the map.
Step 2 Preparing Emergency Relief Capsules ( ERC )
Once the number of survivors is determined. The rescue team will acquire numbers of ERCs. And will load the ERCs on different transportation or deployment vehicle.
Step 3 Airdrop
The airplane or helicopter will fly over the effected area and evenly airdrop the ERCs. The parachute that are made out of mylar blankets will deploy for a gradual descend.
Step 4 Survivor Locate The Capsule
The alert light and alert sound will be turned on once airdropped. Once a survivor locate an ERC, they can use it for transmitting signals back to the base and communicate with the rescuers. While they wait for rescue, they'll have some water to drink and the parachute that is made out of mylar blanket to keep warm.
Step 5 Rescue
Once an ERC is turned on and the GPS has been activated, the rescuers can track it's location and send out rescue via helicopter.